Plato and Aristotle plays a vital part in the foundation of Western Philosophy and Science, along with their teacher, Socrates.
Plato has high regard with his mentor, Socrates; As a young man, he became a student of Socrates and turned his attention to the question of what compromises a virtuous life. In the beginning, Plato has showed interest in Politics, however, because of Socrates’s trial and execution, most of his writings lead to a philosophical reflection about of life.
Plato has written one of the most memorable context of his mentor, Socrates, in the Apology.
Plato's writings are categorized into three groups: the "Socratic" dialogues (written from 399 to 387), the "Middle" dialogues (written from 387 to 361), and the "Later" dialogues (written in the period between 361 and his death in 347). The Apology, is presented as the dialogue given by Socrates in his own defense at his 399 trial.
Imagine you are a philosopher being on trial in a legal system that you find to be prejudicial. As a philosopher you have been living your life in search for knowledge and truth, but you are deemed to be a accused of corrupting the youth and impiety.
In the spring of 399 b.c.e., when Plato was in his late twenties, Socrates was accused by Meletus, Anytus, and Lycon of two criminal offenses: corrupting the youth of Athens and adopting an atheistic attitude toward the gods of the city. The trial was held in a relatively great amount of people from which the verdict was to be decided upon in public. In the ancient Greek, there were no lawyers, and those who were deemed of crimes are expected to defend themselves.