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The Confessions

Jean Jacques Rousseau

The Confessions was two distinct works, each part consisting of six books. Books I to VI were written between 1765 and 1767 and published in 1782, while books VII to XII were written in 1769–1770 and published in 1789. Rousseau alludes to a pla...

The Social Contract & Discourses

Jean Jacques Rousseau

The epigraph of the work is "foederis aequalis / Dicamus leges" (Virgil, Aeneid XI.321–22). The stated aim of The Social Contract is to determine whether there can be a legitimate political authority since people's interactions he saw at his ti...

The Armies of Europe

Fedor von Köppen

Let him who is desirous of peace prepare himself for war.” Thus runs the a proverb which sums up the experience and history of the most powerful Empire of old. If this maxim held good n the old Roman days, how much more applicable s t to the pr...

Orthodoxy

Gilbert Keith Chesterton

Orthodoxy (1908) is a book by G. K. Chesterton that has become a classic of Christian apologetics. Chesterton considered this book a companion to his other work, Heretics, writing it expressly in response to G. S. Street's criticism of the earlier wo...

Heretics

Gilbert Keith Chesterton

Heretics is a collection of 20 essays originally published by G. K. Chesterton in 1905. While the loci of the chapters of Heretics are personalities, the topics he debates are as universal to the "vague moderns" of the 21st century as they were to th...

The Confessions of St. Augustine by Bishop

Augustine of Hippo

The work is not a complete autobiography, as it was written during Saint Augustine's early 40s and he lived long afterwards, producing another important work, The City of God. Nonetheless, it does provide an unbroken record of his development of thou...

Mahomet Founder of Islam

Gladys M. Draycott

Muhammad's life may be found in the historic works by writers of the 2nd and 3rd centuries of the Muslim era (AH – 8th and 9th century CE). These include traditional Muslim biographies of Muhammad, which provide additional information about Muh...

Theological Essays

Charles Bradlaugh

HUMANITY'S GAIN FROM UNBELIEF SUPERNATURAL AND RATIONAL MORALITY THE RATIONALIST VIEW THE SUPERNATURAL VIEW HAS MAN A SOUL? IS THERE A GOD NEW LIFE OF JACOB NEW LIFE OF MOSES NEW LIFE OF DAVID A NEW LIFE OF JONAH WHO WAS JESUS CHRIST? WHAT DID JESUS...

Atheism in Pagan Antiquity

A. B. Drachmann

A difficulty that occurred at the very beginning of the inquiry was how to define the notion of atheism. Nowadays the term s taken to designate the attitude which denes every idea of God. Even antiquity sometimes referred to atheism n this sense, but...

The New World of Islam

Lothrop Stoddard

The deep yeast of the Islamic world today. 250,000,000 followers of the Prophet Muhammad from Morocco to Chna and from Turkistan to Congo are moving towards new accounts, new slanders, new aspirations. A massive transformation is happening, the resul...