Politics & Current Affairs

Perseverance is the hard work you do after you get tired of doing the hard work you already did


Emile Zola

The novel's central character is Étienne Lantier, previously seen in L'Assommoir (1877), and originally to have been the central character in Zola's "murder on the trains" thriller La Bête humaine (1890) before the overwhelmingly positiv...

Three Man

Maksim Gorky

Three Man or Three of Them is a 1901 novel by Maksim Gorky. The plot concerns Ilya Lunyev, a boy from an urban slum, who enters the middle-class milieu only to be disillusioned to find the same moral corruption  

The Philosophy of Spinoza

Baruch Spinoza

Spinoza's political philosophy is scattered in three books, the Theologico-political Treatise, the Ethics and the Political Treatise. A first look at its main principles could bring the uninformed reader to believe that it is the same as Hobbes's. Ye...

Bolshevism: The Enemy of Political and Industrial Democracy

John Spargo

Spargo's position won the day at the 1904 Socialist Party convention and it was not until 1914 until the organization finally established a party-owned weekly newspaper. Spargo's first wife, Prudence, died of tuberculosis in March 1904. A year and 10...

Pictures of the Socialistic Future

Eugen Richter

This book is a striking revelation, as new today as when it was first deciphered in 1893. It is a novel of life under communism by Eugene Richter, a German liberal of the nineteenth century. Prophetic isn't exactly the word for this book. Richter saw...

History of American Socialisms

John Humphrey Noyes

The history of the socialist movement in the United States spans a variety of tendencies, including anarchists, communists, democratic socialists, Marxists, Marxist–Leninists, social democrats, Trotskyists and utopian socialists. It began with...

Communism and Christianism

William Montgomery Brown

Christian communism is a theological view that the teachings of Jesus Christ compel Christians to support religious communism as the ideal social system. Although there is no universal agreement on the exact dates when communistic ideas and practices...

The Confessions

Jean Jacques Rousseau

The Confessions was two distinct works, each part consisting of six books. Books I to VI were written between 1765 and 1767 and published in 1782, while books VII to XII were written in 1769–1770 and published in 1789. Rousseau alludes to a pla...

The Social Contract & Discourses

Jean Jacques Rousseau

The epigraph of the work is "foederis aequalis / Dicamus leges" (Virgil, Aeneid XI.321–22). The stated aim of The Social Contract is to determine whether there can be a legitimate political authority since people's interactions he saw at his ti...

Magna Carta, and Other Addresses

William D. Guthrie

American institutions student must appear regular impressive and instruct and Constitutional members New York state meet paused here Work to celebrate the seven hundredth anniversary of the grown-ups English Lbertes Charter and looking back with resp...