Politics & Current Affairs

Perseverance is the hard work you do after you get tired of doing the hard work you already did

A House of Gentlefolk

Ivan Turgenev

The novel's protagonist is Fyodor Ivanych Lavretsky, a nobleman who shares many traits with Turgenev. The child of a distant, Anglophile father and a serf mother who dies when he is very young, Lavretsky is brought up at his family's country estate h...

Virgin Soil

Ivan Turgenev

The novel centres on a depiction of some of the young people in late nineteenth century Russia who decided to reject the standard cultural mores of their time, join the Populist movement, and 'go amongst the people', living the lives of simple worker...

On the Eve: A Novel

Ivan Turgenev

The story revolves around Elena Stakhova, a girl with a hypochondriac mother and an idle father, a retired guards lieutenant with a mistress. On the eve of the Crimean War, Elena is pursued by a free-spirited sculptor (Pavel Shubin) and a serious-min...


Emile Zola

The novel's central character is Étienne Lantier, previously seen in L'Assommoir (1877), and originally to have been the central character in Zola's "murder on the trains" thriller La Bête humaine (1890) before the overwhelmingly positiv...

Three Man

Maksim Gorky

Three Man or Three of Them is a 1901 novel by Maksim Gorky. The plot concerns Ilya Lunyev, a boy from an urban slum, who enters the middle-class milieu only to be disillusioned to find the same moral corruption  

The Philosophy of Spinoza

Baruch Spinoza

Spinoza's political philosophy is scattered in three books, the Theologico-political Treatise, the Ethics and the Political Treatise. A first look at its main principles could bring the uninformed reader to believe that it is the same as Hobbes's. Ye...

Bolshevism: The Enemy of Political and Industrial Democracy

John Spargo

Spargo's position won the day at the 1904 Socialist Party convention and it was not until 1914 until the organization finally established a party-owned weekly newspaper. Spargo's first wife, Prudence, died of tuberculosis in March 1904. A year and 10...

Pictures of the Socialistic Future

Eugen Richter

This book is a striking revelation, as new today as when it was first deciphered in 1893. It is a novel of life under communism by Eugene Richter, a German liberal of the nineteenth century. Prophetic isn't exactly the word for this book. Richter saw...

History of American Socialisms

John Humphrey Noyes

The history of the socialist movement in the United States spans a variety of tendencies, including anarchists, communists, democratic socialists, Marxists, Marxist–Leninists, social democrats, Trotskyists and utopian socialists. It began with...

Communism and Christianism

William Montgomery Brown

Christian communism is a theological view that the teachings of Jesus Christ compel Christians to support religious communism as the ideal social system. Although there is no universal agreement on the exact dates when communistic ideas and practices...